First, white and Asian children are more likely to be enrolled in preschool programs—at rates of 42 and 45 percent, respectively—than black or Hispanic children, who are enrolled at rates of 35 and 34 percent.
Second—and perhaps unsurprisingly—children were more likely to be enrolled in preschool programs if their parents’ educational levels were higher. Fifty-four percent of children whose parents have graduate or professional degrees were enrolled in preschool, vs. 30 percent of children whose parents hadn’t completed high school.
In addition, the percentage of U.S. 3- and 4-year-olds who were enrolled in preschool in 2015 was 54 percent, well under the OECD country average of 80 percent. Of the 33 countries in the OECD at that time, the U.S. ranked 30th, above Canada, Switzerland and Turkey.